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Vitamin k

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The biologically active form of vitamin K acts as a co-factor in a reaction crucial for both blood coagulation and bone metabolism. Following this vitamin K-dependent reaction, facilitated by the gamma glutamyl carboxylase (GGCX) gene, vitamin K transitions to an inactive state. The inactive vitamin K can then be converted back to its active form by the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase 1 (VKORC1).

Genetic variations within the GGCX and VKORC1 genes significantly impact the physiology of blood clotting and bone mineralization. Particularly, the anticoagulant drug warfarin/coumadin inhibits the enzymatic activity of VKORC1, affecting the maturation of blood clotting factors. As a result, individuals at risk of thromboembolic events should discuss their vitamin K intake with their healthcare provider.

VKORC1 gene variants, such as the SNP rs9923231, can modify the activity of the enzyme produced by the gene. The C allele demonstrates heightened expression and activity compared to the T allele, leading to increased availability of active vitamin K (KH2). Conversely, the T allele results in reduced levels of the VKORC1 enzyme and subsequently lower activity of clotting factors. The prevalence of the C allele is approximately 58-64% among Caucasians and Hispanics, and 85-92% among Africans, while the T allele is present in about 87-94% of Asians. Hence, individuals of Asian descent with the T genotype typically require lower doses of warfarin.

Follow the link of the selected polymorphism to read a brief description of how the selected polymorphism affects Vitamin K and see a list of existing studies.

SNP polymorphisms related to the topic Vitamin K:

rs9923231Polymorphism responsible for the level of sensitivity to warfarin (vitamin K antagonist).
rs7294Polymorphism responsible for the level of sensitivity to warfarin (vitamin K antagonist).
rs2359612Polymorphism responsible for the level of sensitivity to warfarin (vitamin K antagonist).
rs9934438Polymorphism responsible for the level of sensitivity to warfarin (vitamin K antagonist).
rs2884737Polymorphism responsible for the level of sensitivity to warfarin (vitamin K antagonist).
rs17708472Epoxidoreductase gene variations affecting biochemical indicators of vitamin K status.
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