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Adpkd kidney disease

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The most prevalent type of PKD is Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). This condition affects 1 out of every 400 to 1,000 individuals and is the foremost genetic renal disorder. Typically diagnosed between ages 30-50 due to presenting symptoms, ADPKDis commonly referred as "adult PKD."

The term "Autosomal dominant" denotes that one parent's PKDgene mutation or anomaly is enough to acquire the condition. Two distinct gene mutations causing ADPKD have been discovered by researchers. The majority of individuals with ADPKD exhibit defects in the PK D1 gene, while 1 out of every6 or 7 persons affected possess a faulty PK D2 gene.

PKD1 can be diagnosed earlier by healthcare providers as its symptoms manifest sooner, while individuals with PKD1 tend to experience a more rapid progression towards renal failure compared to those with PKD2. Moreover, ADPKD's rate of advancement varies from one person to another.

The development of cysts in the kidneys is due to a genetic flaw that hinders the standard growth process of certain cells, leading to ADPKD.

ADPKD is caused by defects in one of two distinct genes.

The genes that have been impacted are:

Approximately 78% of cases are attributed to PKD1.

Around 15% of cases can be attributed to PKD2.

ADPKD presents the same symptoms in both types; however, they may appear more intense in PKD1.

If one of the parents carries a defective PKD1 or PKD2 gene, there is a 50% likelihood that their child will develop ADPKD.

Follow the link of the selected polymorphism to read a brief description of how the selected polymorphism affects Renal failure and see a list of existing studies.

SNP polymorphisms related to the topic Renal failure:

rs12917707UMOD as a predisposition gene for terminal renal failure.
rs3814995The nephrin gene (NPHS1) is associated with congenital steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome.
rs41273726PKHD1 mutation increases the risk of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).
rs61277444Increased risk of diabetic kidney disease.
rs7562121Increased risk of diabetic kidney disease.
rs1989248Increased risk of diabetic kidney disease.
rs17319721Albuminuria gene variant, is associated with the rate of increase in albuminuria in diabetic patients.
rs2467853A genetic locus associated with measures of renal function and chronic kidney disease.
rs4293393A break in the UMOD gene as a major predisposition gene for terminal renal failure. The gene directly affects levels of uromodulin, glomerular filtration rate and increased degree of albuminuria.higher risk of Crohn's disease.
rs11084831
rs28939695
rs10409299
rs4927186
rs12472051
rs73017308
rs36025606
rs11961816
rs4977388
rs141052170
rs73206603
rs10404821
rs12647735
rs6997279
rs117897666
rs76262407
rs6027504
rs72809865
rs56071124
rs10948668
rs1321517
rs2182505
rs113633432
rs9296668
rs2973049
rs114812377
rs2216711
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